© Reuters. A combine harvester is used to harvest soybeans on a farmland in Chivilcoy, on the outskirts of Buenos Aires, Argentina April 8, 2020. REUTERS/Agustin Marcarian
By Maximilian Heath
BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) – Argentine soy farmers who hold onto stock of more than 5% of their production will face an elevated financing cost above the normal benchmark rate, the South American country’s central bank said on Thursday, part of a wider push to encourage sales.
The central bank said soy farmers over a certain size who hoarded their stock would face a minimum financing rate “equivalent to 120% of the latest Monetary Policy rate.”
Argentina’s benchmark interest rate stands at 69.5%.
Thursday’s announcement aims “to make credit more expensive so that it is more convenient to sell (soybeans) than to take credit,” a source familiar with the matter explained.
The source added that now “the rate of any line of credit is going to be more expensive” for soybean producers, whose minimum rate would start at 83.4% under the new policy, the source said.
The move comes as part of an effort by authorities to replenish dwindling foreign currency reserves by pressuring soybean farmers to export more.
On Sunday, Economy Minister Sergio Massa set a preferential exchange rate for soybean producers, sending soybean exports surging earlier this week.
Argentina is the world’s top exporter of processed soy oil and soymeal and the No. 3 for raw soybeans, but farmers have been holding onto stock as a hedge against inflation and potential devaluation of the local peso currency.